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Minimal Pairs /ʧ/ and /t/

catch and cat

Below are lists of words that vary only by one having the sound /ʧ/ and the other the sound /t/. You can use this to practise the sounds or as a list of words to be careful to pronounce properly.

This page uses the symbols of the Phonemic Chart. You can listen to the symbols here.

/t/ is pronounced by putting the tip of your tongue against the top of your mouth just behind your top teeth and pulling it down, making the "tut tut" sound you make when you disapprove of something. The tongue and mouth positions are the same as when you pronounce /d/, but with /t/ the voice is not used and you release more air.

/ʧ/ is pronounced without your tongue moving and with more air released than with /t/. It is similar to the sound of a sneeze, and the air released should be able to move a piece of paper or be felt on your hand five centimetres in front of your mouth. It is most similar to the sound /ʤ/, but again without the voice and with more air released.

catch cat
cheese tease*
chew* two
child tiled*
chime* time
hatch* hat
much mutt*
notch* not
ouch out
peach peat*
starch* start
teach teat*
watch what
which wit*

beach beat
chest test
chip tip
choose twos
chore* tour
chose toes
churn* turn
coach coat
each eat
match mat
rich writ*
roach* wrote
torch taught

belch* belt
bench bent
chair tear
chap* tap
chat tat*
cheat teat*
cheek teak*
chew too
chill till
chin tin
chop top
itch it
parch* part
punch punt*
touch tut
wrench* rent

arch art
batch* bat
bitch bit
bunch bunt*
chart tart
cheer tear
chick tick
chore tore
hitch hit
hunch hunt
march mart
patch pat
pitch pit
porch port
Scotch Scot
witch wit

beech beet
bitchy bitty
bleach bleat
blotch blot
botch bot
catchy catty
char tar
chide tide
chirps turps
chit tit
choke toke
chubby tubby
chuffed tuft
chug tug
flinch flint
hooch hoot
hutch hut
kitsch kit
lynch lint
mooch moot
perch pert
pouch pout
roach rote
torch tort
twitch twit

* the meaning of the word is not important at this level, but it can still be used to contrast the pronunciation with the other word.

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