since 1997, the world's premier FREE website for learners + teachers of English

Minimal Pairs /d/ and /ʤ/

as in bad and badge

Below is a list of words that vary only by one having the sound /d/ and the other having the sound /ʤ/.

You can use this list to practise the sounds, or as a list of words to be careful in pronouncing.

/ʤ/ is an explosive sound that is like a voiced version of /ʧ/ and therefore quite a lot of air is expelled from a rounded mouth. /d/ is a voiced version of /t/ and so the sound is made with your tongue behind your top teeth.


bad badge

day J


deep jeep

dog jog

do Jew

door jaw

gym dim

head hedge

jam dam

paid page


dear jeer

dive jive

dob job

dot jot

Ds geez

jet debt

jug dug

jump dump

just dust

weighed wage


CAD cadge

charred charge

dale jail

day jay

deans jeans

gin din

jam damn

jig dig

junk dunk

led ledge

mid midge

raid rage

seed siege

sled sledge

wed wedge


barred barge

bud budge

dock jock

dosh josh

doss joss

doused joust

dread dredge

ford forge

gel dell

gist dissed

gored gorge

jab dab

jangle dangle

jink dink

jinx dinks

pled pledge

purred purge

rid ridge