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Minimal Pairs /d/ and /ʤ/

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Below is a list of words that vary only by one having the sound /d/ and the other having the sound /ʤ/.

You can use this list to practise the sounds, or as a list of words to be careful in pronouncing.

/ʤ/ is an explosive sound that is like a voiced version of /ʧ/ and therefore quite a lot of air is expelled from a rounded mouth. /d/ is a voiced version of /t/ and so the sound is made with your tongue behind your top teeth.


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day J


dam jam

deep jeep

dim gym

dog jog

do Jew

door jaw

head hedge

paid page


dear jeer

debt jet

dive jive

dob job

dot jot

Ds geez

dug jug

dump jump

dust just

weighed wage


CAD cadge

charred charge

dale jail

damn jam

day jay

deans jeans

dig jig

din gin

dunk junk

led ledge

mid midge

raid rage

seed siege

sled sledge

wed wedge


barred barge

bud budge

dab jab

dangle jangle

dell gel

dink jink

dinks jinx

dissed gist

dock jock

dosh josh

doss joss

doused joust

dread dredge

ford forge

gored gorge

pled pledge

purred purge

rid ridge

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