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Minimal Pairs final /k/ and /g/

back and bag

This page uses the symbols of the Phonemic Chart. You can listen to the symbols here.

Below are lists of words that vary only by one ending with the sound /k/ and the other ending with the sound /g/. You can use this to practise the sounds or as a list of words to be careful to pronounce properly.

The difference between /k/ and /g/ is often described as the latter being voiced while the former just uses a release of air (with the mouth position the same). But particularly at the end of words it can be more useful to concentrate on releasing more air with /k/.


  1. back bag


  1. pick pig


  1. clock clog
  2. dock dog
  3. duck dug
  4. frock frog
  5. muck mug


  1. black blag
  2. block blog
  3. brick brig
  4. broke brogue
  5. buck bug
  6. crack crag
  7. dick dig
  8. jock jog
  9. lack lag
  10. leak league
  11. lock log
  12. luck lug
  13. pluck plug
  14. rack rag
  15. ruck rug
  16. sack sag
  17. smock smog
  18. snack snag
  19. tack tag


  1. beck beg
  2. berk berg
  3. chuck chug
  4. cock cog
  5. flock flog
  6. hack hag
  7. hock hog
  8. jack jag
  9. knack nag
  10. prick prig
  11. puck pug
  12. shack shag
  13. slack slag
  14. snuck snug
  15. stack stag
  16. tuck tug
  17. whack wag
  18. wick wig

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