Here are some strategies for improving your comprehension skills.
- Skim: read for the brief idea or overview.
- Scan: read for specific details or a specific reason.
- KWL: determine what you Know about the topic, what you Want to know, and what you Learned.
- Skip: if you don't understand a word or section, keep reading ahead. Come back to the section or word again and try to figure out the meaning. Use a dictionary if necessary.
- Look for headings, subtitles and keywords.
- Read out loud: children read out loud when they first start reading. You can too. Get comfortable hearing your English voice.
- Create timelines or charts: reorganize what you read in a different format.
- Rewrite in a different tense.
- Rewrite in a different format: for example, rewrite an article in letter or list form.
- Illustrate: if you think you're a visual learner, sketch images or an infographic related to what you read.
- Write the questions: as you read, think about which questions you might find on a test or quiz. Write them down and answer them, or quiz a friend.
- Summarize or retell: you can do this by writing a letter to a friend, writing a blog post, making a web cam video, or just starting a conversation on this topic.
- Learn affixes: knowing prefixes and suffixes will increase your word recognition.
- Keep a vocabulary journal.
- Get a vocabulary partner.
- Use a pen or ruler: some people find it is easier to read with a pacer. A pen, ruler or fingertip can help you keep your place and prevent your eyes from wandering off. This may not be suitable if you are reading on a computer or mobile device. Adjust the screen to a larger size if necessary.