List of Eponyms
This is a list of about fifty common eponyms. For each eponym you'll find a definition, two example sentences, the origin and a quick quiz question.
the lump of cartilage surrounding the larynx (voice box) at the front of the human neck - most noticeable on adult men
a test given to a newborn baby one minute after birth and five minutes after birth. It evaluates the baby's physical condition. Babies who score low after five minutes are assessed again.
a food or other substance that triggers sexual arousal or makes sexual encounters more pleasurable
a disorder on the autism spectrum. A person with Asperger syndrome typically has difficulty interacting socially and exhibits repetitive behaviours.
a police officer (informal, British English)
the withdrawal of support, or the refusal to buy or use something, as a form of protest or activism; (also a verb)
a writing system composed of raised dots that represent letters. It allows blind or visually impaired people to read.
a salad made with romaine lettuce and croutons, with dressing usually made from olive oil, garlic, raw egg and parmesan cheese
a jacket-like, woollen sweater that opens at the front and may have buttons that are often left undone
a man who easily charms and seduces women; a womanizer
a temperature scale based on two fixed points with water freezing at 0°C (zero degrees Celsius) and boiling at 100°C. It is used in temperatures for weather, cooking and so on in most countries.
a person (usually male) with an exaggerated devotion towards a gender, person or group; a person with excessive patriotism
a sporting event involving horse-racing, usually with young horses; some other kind of race, for example
a compression-ignition engine that burns fuel on the inside by forcing into a small space and then injecting fuel into it. The air heats up and ignites the fuel without a spark plug. Diesel engines are used for heavy vehicles, such as trucks, trains and submarines.
Diesel is also a low-grade petroleum for fuelling a diesel engine.
a condition caused by an extra or partial copy of chromosome 21, resulting in mild to severe intellectual and physical impairment
a temperature scale in which the boiling point of water (212°F) and freezing point (32° F) are 180 degrees apart (today used mainly in the USA)
two tubes that lead from the ovaries to the uterus in a female mammal. The ova (female reproductive eggs) travel from the ovary to the uterus through the Fallopian tubes.
an amusement park ride (for example, the London Eye) consisting of a giant vertical wheel that revolves slowly as riders sit in passenger cars suspended on its outer edge
a verbal mistake that may reveal a person's true beliefs, emotions or subconscious feelings
a light, square-shaped baked cookie that is often today sweetened with honey
a small type of fish that breeds quickly and comes in many colours. They are often kept in fish bowls and aquariums.
an informal word for an unnamed male person; used in a plural form (
guys) to refer to a group of people (including females)
a vacuum cleaner; a machine for cleaning house and car interiors; also a verb
a small indoor or outdoor whirlpool with massaging jets; a hot tub
something that is very large; also used as an adjective
a form-fitting, one-piece garment that covers the torso. It may or may not have sleeves, and is often worn by acrobats, dancers and skaters
an experienced and trusted guide or advisor; also a verb
a highly addictive medicinal narcotic drug derived from opium. It is often used as a pain reliever and sedative.
a message system in which letters and numbers are represented by dots and dashes or long and short light or sound signals
the idea, a supposed law of Nature, that anything that can go wrong will go wrong
a toxic, addictive liquid found in the tobacco plant
a sudden expression of fear or great concern; also a verb
photographers who work independently and follow celebrities to get photographs of them, often in an intrusive way
the exposure of food (especially dairy products) to a very high temperature in order to kill bacteria that can cause food to spoil
a small, circular culture dish with a tight-fitting lid, made of glass or plastic. It is used for collecting cells or specimens and maintaining a sterile environment during an experiment.
a Mexican plant with specialized bright red leaves called "bracts" surrounding small yellow flowers. It is a popular houseplant at Christmas.
extreme luxury | more commonly used in its adjective form:
two slices of bread with some other food between them, such as meat, cheese or peanut butter
a brass musical instrument of the woodwind family, often used in classical music and jazz
a person who doesn't like to share his or her money; a person who doesn't like celebrating Christmas
fragments of metal from a bomb or shell
the outline of a dark shape on a light background; often the profile (side view) of a human face
a soft toy bear filled with stuffing
a standard unit of electromotive force that drives current | abbreviation: V
a standard unit of power | abbreviation: W
knee-length waterproof boots made of rubber or plastic
an electric-powered machine with a driver that resurfaces ice on an ice-rink by shaving it, clearing it and flooding it
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