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chauvinist

Meaning: a person (usually male) with an exaggerated devotion towards a gender, person or group; a person with excessive patriotism

For example:

  • My uncle is a male chauvinist who thinks the only thing women are good for is cooking and cleaning.

  • The athletes' allegiance to their country is beyond patriotism. I'd consider it chauvinism.

Note: In the 20th century, the term "male chauvinism" became synonymous with chauvinism. Using the word "chauvinist" to refer to a person who showed devotion to a person or country, rather than a gender, fell out of regular usage.

Origin: Nicolas Chauvin was a legendary - probably fictitious - 19th-century French soldier serving under Napoleon Bonaparte. Because of his apparent deep devotion to his country and leader, he was laughed at for exaggerated patriotism.

Quick Quiz:

Which is characteristic of a male chauvinist?

a. He only wants male staff on his marketing team.

b. She prefers socializing with women than men.

c. He sings the national anthem with pride.

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Contributor: Tara Benwell