Phrasal Verbs

sum up

This page is about the phrasal verb sum up


If you sum up something, you give a quick summary of it.



For example

  • sum up At the end of his lecture, Professor Essberger summed up by repeating some of his main points.

  • sum sth up After he'd summed his ideas up, the speaker said he could answer some questions.

  • sum up sth At the end of your essay, sum up your main argument.

Nouns often used as objects with sum up: lecture, talk, proposal, idea, essay, argument, viewpoint

Quick Quiz

Public speakers sum up what they've said

a. at the end of their talk

b. at the start of their talk

c. in the middle of their talk

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Contributor: Matt Errey