Adjective after noun?

Questions from teachers about English grammar and usage

Moderator: Susan

casister
Member
Posts: 4
Joined: Wed Mar 26, 2014 8:24 pm
Status: New Teacher

Adjective after noun?

Unread postby casister » Wed Mar 26, 2014 8:40 pm

Hello everyone,
I have a question that I was unable to answer today.

Adjectives go before a noun. However when it's a question why can the adjective go after a noun?

For example:
Is your teacher Australian? (teacher is a noun and Australian is an adjective, it doesn't follow the rule).

Instead: Are you a good student? (this seems to follow the rule of adjective before a noun)

I'd really appreciate a simple clear explanation.

Thank you in advance.

User avatar
Susan
Moderator
Moderator
Posts: 79
Joined: Mon May 09, 2005 5:35 pm
Location: England

Re: Adjective after noun?

Unread postby Susan » Thu Mar 27, 2014 3:53 pm

In the example: is your teacher Australian?
this is an inversion of the sentence: your teacher is Australian. Hence the position of the adjective.

Susan

casister
Member
Posts: 4
Joined: Wed Mar 26, 2014 8:24 pm
Status: New Teacher

Re: Adjective after noun?

Unread postby casister » Fri Mar 28, 2014 9:23 am

Thank you for your answer. However, wouldn't it be better to explain to a beginner student that as there is a possessive adjective (your) in the question form, the adjective always goes after the noun?
Carol

User avatar
Susan
Moderator
Moderator
Posts: 79
Joined: Mon May 09, 2005 5:35 pm
Location: England

Re: Adjective after noun?

Unread postby Susan » Fri Mar 28, 2014 9:02 pm

that would be incorrect because you can say: your Australian teacher.

Is your Australian teacher good? contains two adjectives.

casister
Member
Posts: 4
Joined: Wed Mar 26, 2014 8:24 pm
Status: New Teacher

Re: Adjective after noun?

Unread postby casister » Sat Mar 29, 2014 11:42 pm

Thank you for the answer and for correcting my mistake. Is there a rule that I can find on the internet regarding adjectives in 'an inversion of the sentence'?
I can write examples on the board but they would require a rule to understand when to use it.

User avatar
Susan
Moderator
Moderator
Posts: 79
Joined: Mon May 09, 2005 5:35 pm
Location: England

Re: Adjective after noun?

Unread postby Susan » Sun Mar 30, 2014 5:32 pm

It's not the adjectives that are inverted; the verb and subject are inverted. The adjective stays in place:

Your teacher is Australian. Your teacher = subject / is = verb / Australian = adj.
so you have: subj / verb / adj in an affirmative phrase.
Is your teacher Australian?
Here you have: verb / subject / adjective because it is a question.

Your Australian teacher is excellent.
Is your Australian teacher excellent?

Hope that helps!

casister
Member
Posts: 4
Joined: Wed Mar 26, 2014 8:24 pm
Status: New Teacher

Re: Adjective after noun?

Unread postby casister » Sun Mar 30, 2014 7:12 pm

Thank you for clarifying.

User avatar
Susan
Moderator
Moderator
Posts: 79
Joined: Mon May 09, 2005 5:35 pm
Location: England

Re: Adjective after noun?

Unread postby Susan » Mon Mar 31, 2014 2:05 pm

you're welcome; happy to help :)

jenifferhomes
Member
Posts: 1
Joined: Fri Jul 11, 2014 11:36 am
Status: Trainee Teacher

Re: Adjective after noun?

Unread postby jenifferhomes » Fri Jul 11, 2014 12:21 pm

Thank you for your answer. However, wouldn't it be better to explain to a beginner student that as there is a possessive adjective (your) in the question form, the adjective always goes after the noun?
Thanks

User avatar
Syl
Prolific Member
Prolific Member
Posts: 126
Joined: Mon Apr 07, 2008 5:06 pm
Status: Management
Contact:

Re: Adjective after noun?

Unread postby Syl » Sat Dec 13, 2014 12:04 pm

Susan wrote:In the example: is your teacher Australian?
this is an inversion of the sentence: your teacher is Australian. Hence the position of the adjective.

Susan


jenifferhomes, Susan had already explained your question. In the example, the adjctive doesn't go after the noun. :-)
Syl's English Corner - Learn English and Have Fun
http://www.ginnegar.0catch.com

Pheakdey
Busy Member
Busy Member
Posts: 14
Joined: Wed Jul 02, 2008 2:21 am
Status: Teacher
Location: Cambodia
Contact:

Re: Adjective after noun?

Unread postby Pheakdey » Sat May 09, 2015 2:47 am

Great job Susan.

User avatar
cerealkillah
Prolific Member
Prolific Member
Posts: 21
Joined: Sat Feb 08, 2014 10:28 am
Status: Teacher

Re: Adjective after noun?

Unread postby cerealkillah » Sat May 09, 2015 9:23 am

I think that we have to be cateful with "what-comes-first-and-what-comes-second" rules, especially if we want students to come up with them. The students, at least mine, tend to think not in terms of "before" and "after" but 1st, 2nd, 3rd position in a sentence. It can be misleading. They all know the SVO word order, but when it comes to questions, for example, there are poblems. I often hear that in questions the verb is first. When I ask about wh- questions they say: "Ok, sometimes the verb is second." Then I have to go through a series of examples to make them realise it's "before the subject" is what they're looking for.


Return to “Grammar and Usage”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 4 guests

cron