the world's premier FREE website for learners + teachers of English


We often "contract" or shorten words in English. For example, we may say "he's" instead of "he is". Note that we usually insert an apostrophe (') in place of the missing letter or letters in writing. Here are some example sentences:

We do this especially when we speak. We do not contract words so much in writing

The following pages show the most common contracted forms.

Positive Contractions

I'm, you're, he's, it's, we'd...

Negative Contractions

aren't, can't, hasn't, mustn't, won't...

Other Contractions

here's, that'll, what's, who'd...

Informal Contractions

ain't, gimme, gonna, gotta, kinda, wanna...
Contractions are very common in spoken English. They are not so common in written English. We may use contractions in a friendly letter, for example, but they are not usually correct in more formal texts such as business letters or essays. If you have to write an essay in an exam, do not use contractions. The only exception to this would be when you quote somebody within your essay, for example spoken dialogue.