bought OR brought?
The words bought and brought have very different meanings, but they are often confused—even by native English speakers.
First of all, they are both verbs. (They are both irregular verbs.) And they are both in past tense (V2) and past participle (V3) form.
- buy, bought, bought
- bring, brought, brought
As you see, bought is the past tense and past participle of the verb buy—meaning to get something in exchange for money.
We use bought with the past simple tense and with present perfect and past perfect tenses. Here are some example sentences:
- When did you buy your house? We bought it last year. (Past Tense)
- Have you bought a new TV yet? (Present Perfect)
- I'd already bought a Sony when Mary said she preferred Samsung. (Past Perfect)
We use brought with the past simple tense and with present perfect and past perfect tenses. Here are some example sentences:
- I didn't bring the dog but I brought my children with me. (Past Tense)
- Can you lend me $5? I haven't brought any money. (Present Perfect)
- If I had brought my glasses I could have helped you with your homework. But I left them at home. (Past Perfect)
How to remember the difference
It's really very simple. Just remember the R!
- bring → brought
- buy → bought