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Vegetables Vocabulary

One type of food that nearly everyone eats every day is the food group called vegetables. Some vegetables grow underground, including root vegetables like potatoes, yams, carrots, turnips and beetroot as well as bulbs like onion and garlic.

vegetables

Green vegetables or greens include leaf vegetables like spinach and cabbage as well as certain legumes like peas and string beans. Many vegetables have seeds inside, and the best-known of these include pumpkin, squash, eggplant and the many kinds of pepper like the green pepper, chilli pepper and the bell pepper or capsicum. Salad vegetables such as lettuce and cucumber are eaten raw while other vegetables, including cauliflower, mushrooms and stem vegetables like asparagus and celery, can be eaten either raw or cooked.

artichoke
artichoke
asparagus
asparagus
beetroot
beetroot
bell pepper
bell pepper or capsicum
broccoli
broccoli
Brussels sprouts
Brussels sprouts
cabbage
cabbage
carrot
carrot
cauliflower
cauliflower
celery
celery
cucumber
cucumber
eggplant
eggplant
garlic
garlic
lettuce
lettuce
mushrooms
mushrooms
onion
onion
peas
peas
potato
potato
pumpkin
pumpkin
spinach
spinach
string beans
string beans or green beans
turnip
turnip
yam
yam
zucchini
zucchini

bulb (noun): a round underground part of certain plants like onion and garlic plants - Lots of flowers like tulips and daffodils are grown from bulbs.

greens (noun): green vegetables - Mum says we have to eat our greens before we have dessert.

leaf vegetable (noun): a leaf or leafy plant that's eaten as a vegetable, like spinach - There are hundreds of leaf vegetables in Africa that we've never heard of.

legume (noun): a seed that grows in a pod, like a pea or bean - A healthy diet includes lots of legumes.

raw (adjective): not cooked - Some people think cooking destroys vitamins so they eat lots of raw food.

root vegetable (noun): a vegetable that grows under the ground, like potato and carrot - If root vegetables aren't harvested in time, they can rot in the ground.

salad vegetable (noun): a vegetable that's often used in salads - All the salad vegetables are in the same part of the supermarket.

vegetable (noun): part of a plant that can be cooked and eaten with a main course - The more fruit and vegetables we eat, the healthier we'll be.

Contributor: Matt Errey creator of Word Up