A country is a nation with its own government, occupying a particular territory or piece of land. For example, China, France, Iraq and Japan are all countries.
Country is a political term, not geographical (countries are man-made, not created naturally). In theory, all countries are sovereign, meaning that they are independent and make their own laws (though they may sometimes surrender or modify certain rights by treaty).
- He speaks Polish.
- Is French difficult?
In English, all words (nouns and adjectives) relating to countries or nationalities begin with a capital letter, for example:
- France (not
- French (not
- a Frenchman (not
On the next page we look at Countries and Nationality.