Countries Vocabulary

A country is a nation with its own government, occupying a particular territory or piece of land. For example, China, France, Iraq and Japan are all countries.

Country is a political term, not geographical (countries are man-made, not created naturally). In theory, all countries are sovereign, meaning that they are independent and make their own laws (though they may sometimes surrender or modify certain rights by treaty).

The noun for a country's language usually comes from the adjective for that country, for example:
  • He speaks Polish.
  • Is French difficult?

In English, all words (nouns and adjectives) relating to countries or nationalities begin with a capital letter, for example:

On the next page we look at Countries and Nationality.